Metal Fabrication: What It Is And How It Works

Metal Fabrication: What It Is and How It Works?

Metal fabrication has been around for several decades. Technological advancements like automation, CAD software, and machinery have made it even more notable in sectors like architecture, construction, car manufacturing, the repair industry, landscaping, and health. Basically, metal is commonly used in most sectors today but what exactly is metal fabrication?

What is metal fabrication?

Metal fabrication is the process involved in transforming raw metal materials in fine shapes into a final product. This can be achieved through various processes like welding, folding, cutting, stamping, etc.

It is worth noting that different metals go through different fabrication types. Hence, we recommend seeking expert advice before taking on a fabrication task.

Types of metals used in fabrication

Several kinds of metals are used in the fabrication process, however, strength, flexibility, and malleability are essential things to look out for when choosing metals for fabrication. Depending on the desired product, some of the metals often used for the fabrication process includes;

  1. Steel
  2. Iron
  3. Aluminium
  4. Copper
  5. Silver
  6. Tin
  7. Nickel

Steps in metal fabrication

Metal fabrication is carried out to produce in mass and, of course, with less human effort. And this is usually done in several steps highlighted below.

Metal Fabrication Service


The first step in metal fabrication is designing and programming a 3D representation of what the finished product will look like. These designs can be done manually, but for accuracy sake, computer aided design programs (CAD) or Computer aided manufacturing (CAM) can also be used.

Your choice will depend on the company you are working with and the type of product required.


This stage involves everything from fabricating to cutting, casting, molten, and even drilling (in some cases). Just any of the processes that would give the desired shape and size.

After getting the designs right and programmed, you would want to build the parts by cutting and shaping each material to fit your programmed result. This process can be carried out with a laser cutter or water jet for adequate accuracy in breadth, length, and width.


Step 3 must be done after fabrication to reach the desired result. This involves multiple processes that are needed to keep the metals in shape. These processes include welding, screwing, and bonding. Sometimes, you may employ more than one of these processes to reach the final result.


Metals usually come in several colours and conditions. This stage involves painting and coating already assembled metals to bring out a fine and presentable product.

Industries that need metal fabrication

Several industries rely on metal fabrication to function. Some of them include;

  1. Aerospace
  2. Mining
  3. Automotive
  4. Health

How to choose a metal fabricator company?

So far, you will agree that this is a highly complex process that is not best suited to DIY projects. That’s why we recommend you hire an expert who is trained for such tasks. But how do you choose the right company? Keep in mind that the company you hire influences the result at the end of the day. Here are some things to look out for while choosing a metal fabrication company;

  1. Area of speciality: Be sure of the strengths of the company before trusting them with your project. Different projects require different fabrication methods. Make sure you’re choosing the right company.
  2. Experience: How long have they been in the industry? How many similar projects have they worked on? Don’t be afraid to ask these important questions because they are vital in choosing the best bet for your project.
  3. Cost: Having considered expertise and experience, do not forget to factor in the overall cost. Typically, you will need to get an estimate from multiple companies to ensure you pick an affordable company within your budget. 

Metal fabrication has been around for decades but technological advancements keep making the game better and easier for more people to adopt. However, this can be difficult to pull off as a DIY project. It is best to consult an expert for your next project.

© DDK Engineering

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *